The evolution of the baseball bat has involved many new technological improvements since the days of only wood bats. Bats are now made of aluminum and composite materials. There are strict regulations for bat use depending on the league and level- before purchasing a bat you need to know which are legal to use.
Two factors that impact the restrictions on a baseball bat are the level of play and the governing-body (or league) that a player plays in. Be sure to check your provincial baseball organization to confirm their specific bat regulations:
For full Canadian bat regulations, check out:
The weight distribution from the force of the bat transferred to the pitched ball is known as the MOI (Moment of Inertia). Where the weight is distributed in the bat will impact how much power can be generated from a hit. The lower the MOI, the faster a batter’s swing speed will be. The higher the MOI, the more power they will have upon ball contact. Bats can come in either one or two pieces. One piece bats are stiffer, more balanced, and do not have good vibration control on miss hit balls. This will benefit a batter simply looking for contact and to get on base. Two piece bats have increased flex with less vibration but carry a heavier swing weight. This will benefit batters that want more power to push balls farther into the outfield.
1) Dead Weight – how heavy a bat is on its own
2) Swing Weight – how hard it is to swing a bat, used to measure MOI
** HYBRID BATS – a mixture of both composite and alloy bats. The bat will typically feature a composite-handle to reduce vibration and an alloy barrel to increase bat performance.
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